World Blood Donor Day 2022: Doctors bust common myths around blood donation | Health

On June 14 every year, World Blood Donors Day (WBDD) is dedicated to raising awareness of the need for safe blood and blood products and thanking voluntary, unpaid blood donors for their life-saving blood and World Blood Donor’s Day slogan for 2022. The Blood Center will host a global event this year, donating blood, a selfless gesture that can save lives, however, is a terrible prospect, and despite decades of research and public awareness campaigns, the gift of life from a healthy person to a sick or disabled person remains a mystery.

In an interview with HT Lifestyle, doctors helped unravel some of the common myths about blood donation and the fact that they were separate from fairy tales to encourage more people to come forward and donate blood. Dr Sanjay Gupta, senior consultant in internal medicine at Paras Hospitals in Gurugram, has listed 5 misconceptions about blood donation that can cause fear to donors –

MYTH: My body is deprived of blood.

Fact: The amount of blood taken from your body is about 400 mL (half a liter), which is one-tenth of what you have in your system. The fluid you lose during donation is replaced by your body. Moreover, if you hydrate properly after surgery, your body will restore the lost blood in just a few hours!

MYTH: Blood donation weakens immunity.

Fact: As soon as you donate blood, your body begins to replenish the lost blood. It can take several weeks for the immune system’s warrior white blood cells to replenish to normal levels. However, if the body detects a threat, these can be created quickly. It has been shown that the normal, healthy human immune system is never harmed by blood donation.

MYTH: A person taking medication cannot donate.

Fact: This is half-truth. Blood donation is not recommended for people who use certain drugs. However, in most cases, medication does not stop blood donation. Before donating, a person should consult with a physician to see if his or her current medications affect their ability to donate.

MYTH: If I give you blood, you can get infected.

Fact: If you prepare your arm sterilely before we place the needle to draw your blood. Infections on the ‘draw’ site are virtually unknown. There is no risk of blood-borne disease as all needles are new, sterilized and used only once.

MYTH: Women are not allowed to donate blood.

Fact: Women are fully capable of donating blood. They are not able to do so only when they have low hemoglobin levels or have anemia. The same is true for boys. A donor should have 12.5 grams of hemoglobin (125 grams per liter) per donor. Anything less than that is considered ineligible.

Adding to the list of myths, Dr. (Brig.) Anil Khetarpal, Deputy Chief – Medical Services and President – Blood Center and Transfusion Medicine Division at Artemis Hospital in Gurugram, shared –

MYTH: If I donate blood, there won’t be enough in my body!

Fact: Only one unit of blood is taken from each donor, which is less than 10 percent of the total blood volume. After donating, your body makes new blood to replenish what was lost. If you consume enough fluids, your body will replace the lost fluid within 48 hours.

MYTH: I’m taking medication, so why can’t I give blood?

Fact: Medications do not disqualify you as a blood donor but the reason you prescribe medication may disqualify you. If the condition is under control and you are healthy, donations are usually allowed.

MYTH: If you are a diabetic, blood donation is not for you!

Fact: You cannot donate blood only if you use insulin to control blood sugar. With the help of lifestyle changes and oral medications, you can donate blood if your blood sugar levels are under control.

MYTH: High BP patients cannot become blood donors!

Fact: Blood pressure holders can donate between 140 mm systolic and 90 mm diastolic. Antihypertensive drugs do not propel you from blood donation.

MYTH: I don’t have a rare blood group, do I really need to donate my blood?

Fact: Maintaining adequate blood supply is a constant challenge due to its short shelf life. Many patients require a certain type of blood. At times, blood centers may have insufficient supplies of one type of blood, but may experience a critical shortage of different types.

MYTH: Does it take time to donate blood?

Fact: Blood donation takes place in three stages: donor registration, medical examination and screening, and blood collection / phlebotomy. The entire process takes approximately one hour, but the actual procedure of blood donation takes less than 10 minutes.

Leave a Comment