UPSC CSE Key – May 12, 2022: What you need to read today

FRONT PAGE

Marital rape: Delhi HC judges split on exception to law

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Current events of national and international importance.

Mains Examination:

• General Studies I: General Studies I: Salient features of Indian Society, Social empowerment, Role of women and women’s organization

• General Studies II: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary

Key Points to Ponder:

• Status of Constitutionality of the marital rape exception in India? What is Delhi High Court’s recent Verdict on Marital Rape?

• What is the Concept behind marriages in Indian Subcontinent or in the Indian Society?

• The Institution of Marriage-Why marriage is referred as an institution?

• Influence of Legislations like the prevention of Sati Act, 1829, The Hindu widow Remarriage Act, 1856, The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 and The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 on Hindu Marriage-Know in detail

• What is Section 375 of Indian Penal Code?

• What is Exception 2 to Section 375 of Indian Penal Code?

• What is Marital rape immunity?

• Criminalisation And Non-Criminalisation Of Marital Rape-For and Against

• Status of Marital Rape in India-Latest Data by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) and National family health Survey

• “Doctrine of Coverture”, Article 14 and Article 21 of the Indian Constitution and Exception 2 to Section 375 of Indian Penal Code

• Justice Verma Committee Report and Pam Rajput committee’s report ‘Status of Women in India’ on Marital Rape-Know the Key Highlights

• What is Law Commission of India’s Stand on Marital Rape?

• United Nations Committee on Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on Violence against Women in India

• Government of India’s Stand on Marital Rape?

• Criminalization of Marital Rape-Does the law exists in other Countries?

• What have the courts said in earlier instances like High courts Karnataka and Gujrat on Marital rape?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Legally, sex worker can say no, not wife: judge

📍 UNDERSTANDING SOCIAL INSTITUTION (Chapter 3, 11th Sociology NCERT)

📍 Explained: What is the law on marital rape, and what has the Delhi High Court ruled?

Jharkhand mining secy held in money laundering case

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development

Mains Examination:

• General Studies II: Role of civil services in a democracy

• General Studies III: Money-laundering and its prevention

• General Studies IV: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration:

Key Points to Ponder:

• Who is IAS officer Pooja Singhal and what’s the case?

• What Is Money Laundering?

• How Money Laundering works? What do you understand by placement, layering and integration?

• Money Laundering and its impact? What influence does money laundering have on economic development?

• How does fighting money laundering help fight crime?

• Steps Taken by Government of India to Prevent Money Laundering

• Prevention of Money-Laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA)-Key Points

• Prevention of Money-Laundering (Amendment) Act, 2012-Key Highlights

• Directorate of Enforcement (ED)-Role and Function

• Directorate of Enforcement (ED) comes under which Ministry or Organisation?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Money Laundering

Beating inflation: RBI may have to kill demand, hike rate, suck liquidity

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development

Mains Examination: General Studies III: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment

Key Points to Ponder:

• Inflation and Various Types of Inflation

• Causes of Inflation in recent time?

• Long term, Medium Term and Short-term impact of Inflation

• How Inflation is Measured in India?

• New Standard for Measuring Inflation in India and Old Standard for Measuring Inflation-Key Differences

• What is the Monetary Policy Committee?

• The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) is a Statutory Body-True or False?

• What is the Primary Objective of monetary policy in India?

• There are several direct and indirect instruments that are used for implementing monetary policy-What are they?

• What is REPO rate?

• What is Current Repo Rate?

• What is Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) Rate?

• What happens when Repo Rate and CRR is increased?

• Why did RBI increase the REPO and CRR recently?

• Impact of increase in the REPO and CRR on Money Supply on an Economy-Inflation or Deflation?

• Know about these terms-Bank Rate, Reverse Repo Rate, Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF), Marginal Standing
Facility (MSF) etc.

• Steps or Measures Taken by GOI to Control Inflation

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 How RBI dropped inflation ball

📍 Explained: Federal Reserve signals, and Indian markets

 

THE EDITORIAL PAGE

A Pregnant Pause

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Indian Polity and Governance

Mains Examination: General Studies II: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

Key Points to Ponder:

• What do you understand by ‘Sedition’?

• Sedition laws in India-Know about them

• Historical Background of Sedition Law-Who drafted it?

• When was sedition law used against Mahatma Gandhi and BG Tilak?

• What is Section 124A of Indian Penal Code?

• Punishment for the Offence of Sedition in India-Know in detail

• What is the fresh challenge to sedition law?

• Sedition laws in other countries-Compare and Contrast

• What is the Supreme Court’s stand on it?

• Supreme Court Decisions and Discussions on Sedition Law?

• Supreme Court’s Landmark decision in Kedar Nath Singh v. State of Bihar (1962) case and the Balwant Singh vs State of Punjab (1995) case-know in detail

• What are the Kedar Nath Singh guidelines?

• What does the Law Commission of India say on sedition?

• National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) statistics on the Sedition Law-Know the facts and figures given by NCRB

• Problems with the sedition laws-Brainstorm

• Has the Law of Sedition Been Misused?

• Legal flaws and spurious interpretation of Sedition Law?

• Mahatma Gandhi on Section 124A as the “prince among the political sections of the Indian Penal Code designed to suppress the liberty of the citizen”-Decode the Quote

• How Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) contradicts Article 14 and Article 21 of the Indian Constitution?

• The Law of Sedition Should Be Repealed Now? Critically Analyse

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 A small win

📍 Sedition law: history, debate

 

THE IDEAS PAGE

The good cop

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Indian Polity and Governance

Mains Examination: General Studies II: Role of civil services in a democracy.

Key Points to Ponder:

• Police Reforms-Aims and Objectives

• Police Reforms, need of the hour-Comment

• Expenditure on police is how much of the central and state government budgets?

• Vacancies in State and Central Police Force and the sanctioned police strength -Know the Data

• What are the United Nations recommended standard of police per lakh persons?

• What are the recommendations given by various Committees / Commission on Police Reforms like the National Police Commission (1978-82), the Padmanabhaiah Committee on restructuring of Police (2000) and the Malimath Committee on reforms in Criminal Justice System (2002-03)?

• What are the recommendations of Second Administrative reforms commission on police reforms?

• What were the components of the Modernisation of Police Forces (MPF) scheme?

• What are the Responsibilities of centre and states with regard to police?

• Law and Order and Police is in State List, Union List or in the Concurrent List?

• What is Schedule 7 and Article 355 in the Constitution of India?

• What are the Directions of the Supreme Court in Prakash Singh vs Union of India, 2006?

• What are the Key features of the Model Police Act, 2006?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Police Reforms in India

Heading for GST Exit

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development

Mains Examination: General Studies III: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Key Points to Ponder:

• What Goods and Services Tax (GST)?

• How the Goods and Services Tax (GST) System Works?

• Goods and Services Tax (GST) and 101st Amendment Act, 2016-Know in detail

• GST Council and Article 279A of the Constitution-Key Provisions

• GST Council and Members

• What is Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN)?

• What are the benefits of Goods and Services Tax (GST)?

• Which taxes at the Centre and State level are being subsumed into Goods and Services Tax (GST)?

• What were the major chronological events that have led to the introduction of GST?

• Kelkar Task Force on Goods and Services Tax (GST)-what was the recommendations?

• What are the different types of Goods and Services Tax (GST)?

• How would a particular transaction of goods and services be taxed simultaneously under Central GST (CGST) and
State GST (SGST)?

• What are the benefits of Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India?

• What items are not taxed or covered under Goods and Services Tax (GST)?

• Goods and Services Tax (GST)-Issues and Challenges

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 What is Goods and Services Tax (GST)?

 

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