Tamil Nadu Ancient Smelter Reveals Indigenous Population Used Iron 4,200 Years Ago

Archaeologists have discovered that indigenous Tamils ​​made agricultural tools and weapons by smelting iron ore, confirming that the use of iron in Tamil Nadu dates back a thousand years. On a hillside in the village of Bavadarabati near Hosur, traces of an iron ore smelter show a sign of iron being used by the indigenous Tamils. The team of the Hosur Aram Historical Research Center, who discovered this, claims that the ancient indigenous Tamils ​​made their living by smelting iron ore and making agricultural tools and weapons.

The first stage of excavations at Mayiladumparai in the Krishnagiri District revealed that iron was in use in Tamil Nadu 4,200 years ago. Historians, senior archaeologists, and the head of the Aram Center for Historical Research visited the area and conducted direct field surveys. On the hillside, a pile of iron ore and clay pipes 20 feet wide was found. Pottery pipes and iron scrap were mined in large quantities. Waste iron and old utensils were also found in large numbers in the fields near the hill.

According to the Center for Historical Studies, traces of ancient iron tools have been found here. The ancient Tamils ​​who set up an iron workshop thousands of years ago, smelted iron ore through boilers, extracted iron scrap, poured molten iron into wells and made into agricultural tools and weapons. That is why this place has a large accumulation of iron scraps and clay pipes that are used to make iron objects. Tamil Nadu Archaeological Survey officials said that field studies should be conducted at these sites.

Apart from these, about 100 meters away, there are two monumental statues from the 13th century. One of the sculptures depicts a warrior stabbing a tiger with an iron sceptre. According to historians, the indigenous Tamils ​​hailed from the hills and engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry. They discovered and used iron in agriculture in the “Iron Age” before the Sangam period. Evidence for these is said to be available at present. Earlier, a 4,200-year-old iron ore mine was found at Mayiladumparai near Krishnagiri and now an iron ore smelter has been found in a village near Hosur in Krishnagiri.
Last year, the Archaeological Survey of Tamil Nadu conducted excavations at the site of Mayiladumparai in Krishnagiri District. Trenches placed in Zone 4 in the current excavations have yielded two significant dates from the accelerator mass spectrometry. The drill was obtained at a depth of 104 cm and 130 cm respectively, and they have rare archaeological symbols such as rock paintings and Neolithic tools. These two histories provided a new understanding of the nature of cultural deposits. Meanwhile, the two deeply collected organic samples were sent to a beta-analysis laboratory in Florida, United States.

Not least, pollen and phytolith analysis of soil samples collected at the Agaram excavation site near Keezhadi found evidence of rice cultivation.

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