Economy Class Syndrome is a medical term for blood clotting (usually) a blood clot (s) that carries blood from the lower (usually) organs to the heart. Long hours of flight, known as traveler’s thrombosis, occur when someone sits in the same position without much movement and affects approximately two to three people per 1000 persons per year. As the journey unfolds, people constantly fly long hours and travel several miles to different locations, so many people have deep vein thrombosis, or economy class syndrome, when they travel regularly on flights and have health problems and are ahead of national doctors. Day 2022, we will shed light on its causes, symptoms and prevention tips.
In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Sparsh Hospital Consultant Physician and Diabetes Specialist Dr. Ambanna Gowda shared, “There are many reasons for this. This occurs because the aircraft creates a microenvironment, where stagnation, low oxygen pressure, tight unpleasant seats, circadian dysrhythmia, changes in the normal sleep cycle, and changes in sleep disturbances, contribute to economies of scale (jetlag). Class Syndrome. These conditions can damage the health of passengers.
Dr Suheel Dhanse, an interventional cardiologist at Thane’s Horizon Prime Hospitals, brings his expertise to the same topic: “It is known to occur after long flights, known as” economy-class syndrome. ” This is further exacerbated by dehydration and alcohol consumption during aeronautics, pregnant women, elderly patients, cancer patients, or other coagulation (conditions that cause clotting) and those at high risk for oral contraceptives.
According to Dr. Ambanna Gowda, it causes symptoms such as fatigue, anxiety, nausea, swelling, redness, muscle pain, tenderness around the calf muscle of the leg. He said, “Travelers are more susceptible to high BMI, hypobaric hypoxia, low humidity, pregnancy, hypercoagulable status, people who smoke, oral contraceptives, hormone treatments, cancer patients. If they sit for long periods of time without movement and the aforementioned factors exist, they are considered to be at high risk for developing blood clots in the leg due to travel, also known as venous thromboembolism or passenger thrombosis. It usually occurs in middle-aged or older people.
Adding to the list, Dr Suhel Dhanse said, “Symptoms are usually pain, swelling and redness of the affected limb. DVT occurs during pregnancy, or after a prolonged bed rest or immobilization period (e.g. after major surgery / hospitalization). A potential life-threatening complication of the condition is pulmonary embolism – a condition in which the heart travels freely to one side or the entire clot. There is clot in the blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the lungs and cause serious symptoms such as shortness of breath or cardiorespiratory failure and cardiac arrest.
Dr Ambanna Gowda advised that preventive measures are very few and specific for each person:
1. Choose a suitable outfit: Pick something that you feel comfortable to wear.
2. Walk frequently: Do not sit for more than six to eight hours in one place on a plane
3. Do a light exercise: Walk around and do exercises that stretch the little legs.
4. Hydrate frequently: Drink water regularly
He said, “If you are in this condition, your doctor may prescribe elastic compression stockings to help you. People who develop blood clots or venous thromboembolism in the legs may experience some symptoms after a few weeks of travel. After the flight, it can be developed for the next two to eight weeks. So make sure to mention your travel history to your doctor if you notice any symptoms. Clots in the legs are sometimes expelled from the legs and can move to the lungs and cause a condition known as PE, which can cause heart conditions such as paralysis to the heart or brain. This could be a serious complication. ”
Dr Suheel Dhanse advised that following simple steps can help prevent DVT and its complications. These steps include:
1. Drink plenty of water
2. Avoid excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages
3. Get up at least once in 1-2 hours and walk for a few minutes
4. When sitting in a straight or reclining posture, exercise both your legs as often as possible by flexing your feet up and down (as you push the accelerator down and release it). This exercise acts as a pump to your leg’s blood vessels, improving blood flow back to your heart.
5. Wear tight “graduation compression stockings” around the ankles and feet, rather than the thighs, to reduce blood storage in the legs and feet.
When people travel long distances with such precursors or a history of medical illness, they should contact a family doctor or treating doctor because most of the time, they feel it is not important. Ideally, it is best to inform and discuss with your doctor if you are taking long flights so you can take the necessary precautions and avoid incidents of economy class syndrome. The longer the flight, the higher the risk.