Monsoon health tips: Know about anti-viral vaccines for flu, typhoid, mosquitoes | Health

The rainy season brings a refreshing break from the heat for young and old, children run in the rain, toss in puddles, make paper boats, and the whole family savor the scent of the first shower, enjoying hot snacks and tea. . The downside of this rainy season is the spread of mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue, chikungunya, malaria or water and waterborne diseases such as typhoid and hepatitis A, along with the threat of influenza or other viral respiratory infections. Looks great.

In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr Vishal Parmar, consultant pediatrician at Vocard Hospitals Meera Road, suggested ways to safely enjoy the season with their children. He advised, “Make sure your drinking water is safe (use boiled water, especially for babies under one year old). Avoid eating uncooked foods such as chutneys or salads and fresh juices / water from the outside. Wash fruits and vegetables well before serving.

Speaking of personal hygiene, he recommended, “Wash your hands and feet thoroughly after going out. The nails should always be trimmed and clean.

Vaccination:

Rain, fever, hepatitis, typhoid, malaria dengue, food poisoning are on the rise. Vaccines are available against flu, typhoid, hepatitis A, Japanese encephalitis, etc., although not every vaccine is available for the disease. Dr. Vishal Parmar lists the vaccines that children should receive before or during the rainy season to prevent infection:

1. Flu Vaccine – Make sure your child has an annual booster of influenza vaccination, which is delivered during the pre-monsoon / monsoon period. Influenza (also known as seasonal flu) and Covid-19 fever can have the same presentation with sore throat or cough, making the difference difficult. Therefore, children over six months of age are strongly advised to ensure that the influenza vaccine is given annually. Co-infection with Covid-19 and influenza can cause more severe illness. As long as you bring out the Kovid vaccine for children in India, the next best option is to get your child a flu shot. Breast-feeding mothers are strongly urged to be vaccinated with the covid vaccine so that the baby can get their immunity from breastfeeding.

2. Hepatitis A – Hepatitis A specialization targets liver function. It causes jaundice, fever, vomiting and loss of appetite. In many cases the child may need ICU access or rarely a liver transplant. Hepatitis A and typhoid are transmitted through contaminated water and food. So during the monsoon their chances increase. The vaccine is available for children over the age of 1 year. Two doses can be given with a 6 month gap.

3. Typhoid – Enteric fever is spread by contaminated food and water and is caused by salmonella bacteria, which mainly target the intestines and cause chronic fever and other complications. Typhoid vaccine can be given to children after 6 months. It requires a single dose.

4. Mosquitoes – They reproduce, especially in the rainy season. Avoid using natural mosquito repellent, avoid meshing the doors and windows, empty pots or other areas where rain water and larvae of mosquitoes breed. Dengue and malaria are common diseases transmitted by mosquitoes.

To take care of clothing for children, Dr Vishal Parmar said, “Make sure your child is covered with an iron and dry cotton cloth and that the head is protected from the cold. Avoid excessively warm clothing as excessive sweating and damp clothing can cause fungal infections. Avoid staying wet after playing in the rain, making sure your child has a warm bath and adequately dry.

He insisted on fixing leaky areas, as the accumulation of moisture from leaking walls and roofs could lead to mold buildup and allergies and asthma exacerbation. Let’s not forget the basic principles of the Kovid-19’s wave threat, the use of masks, washing hands regularly and avoiding crowds and public spaces. Happy Monsoon!

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