Yellow fever is a health condition in which the skin, white and mucous membranes of the skin turn yellow due to high levels of bilirubin – a yellow-orange bile pigment in the body. Jaundice is most often found in newborns. However, this is the most common. Most newborns, after giving birth, suffer from jaundice in the first one-two weeks. Speaking with HT Lifestyle, Dr. Sai Kiran, MD, DrNB, a consultant neonatologist with the Fernandez Foundation, noted the causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention of jaundice in newborns.
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“The most common cause of neonatal jaundice is increased red blood cell (RBC) mass, which leads to overproduction of bilirubin (yellow pigment). “If you have a negative blood group, are sensitive to a first-born Rh-positive child, or if both mother and baby have different blood groups, the chances of newborn jaundice are more common in premature infants, low birth weight infants or infants who have lost enough weight,” Dr Sai Kiran said Dr Bilirubin levels are not considered, even if they are not considered yellow fever in infants. Blood should be monitored at all times.
Monitoring is important in detecting jaundice in newborns. In most cases, physical examination, including a bilirubin meter and blood test, is recommended. Yellow fever usually appears 3-7 days after birth – so, after discharge, follow-up consultation with a pediatrician is recommended to ensure that the child has jaundice.
“If the newborn’s jaundice screening and blood jaundice level exceeds a certain threshold in an age-specific nomogram, treatment will be initiated. In phototherapy, light helps to convert jaundice pigment in the skin and blood into an easy-to-remove form, which helps reduce jaundice.
Doctors recommend breastfeeding as a method of preventing jaundice in newborns. “Mothers should continue breastfeeding and consult your breastfeeding counselor if you are having problems finding the right position for your baby to breastfeed. There is no need to practice any dietary restrictions from the mother,” said Dr Sai Kiran.