Hutong Cat | The relevance of the Brics summit

The upcoming Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa (BRICS) Summit will take place on June 23 under unprecedented jerks and pressures. So much so that at the end of it, not much is expected. Except for a lecture on what rhetoric and true multilateralism are.

Not sure if this is showing, but the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the Indo-China border crisis and the recession faced by two Black members have taken a toll on the faction’s internal unity.

Despite the fact that none of the countries condemned Russia’s war on Ukraine, it is hardly perceived in any way.

Externally, the China-United States (US) strategic confrontation and rivalry is pushing and pulling countries to take sides.

For example, India’s affiliation with the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue or Quad did not really please China, though Beijing directed its strict criticism toward the US and Australia.

China is particularly wary of the quad’s military character and its role as India’s role.

“Of course, the United States, Japan, India and Australia have signed mutual bilateral military logistics support agreements and are increasing military interoperability cooperation. They are doing it quickly, but they are never publicizing it. And Liu Zhongyi, senior fellow at the Shanghai Institute for International Studies (SIIS), China Center (SACC).

South China’s leading Chinese expert said HT About the influence of the West on the Bricks.

China’s Institute of Contemporary India says: “Severe sanctions against Russia, particularly of the G7-led Western community … have made the BRICS less vulnerable to regional and global role or action. Hu Shisheng, director of the International Institute of South Asia Studies, said.

Then there is the case of “cumulative dissatisfaction” with the actual results of the decade-long campaign.

“These trends are driven by the discontent accumulated with the real results of the group’s ten years of operation, because many initiatives remain mere slogans, including the aim of enhancing the voice of developing countries and seeking reforms when it comes to global institutions,” Dmitry Razumovsky of the Russian Council of International Affairs recently told Modern Diplomacy.

In light of these warnings, Chinese President Xi Jinping will preside over the 14th BRICS online summit on June 23 amid conflicts between member states.

The summit is expected to bring out Beijing’s calibration to expand its faction to strengthen its own leadership position.

Brazil, Russia, India and China initially formed the faction in 2009, while South Africa joined in 2010.

But Beijing wants to assume leadership.

It is clear from the words of President Xi Jinping that the world needs a new coalition of states capable of “introducing stability in international relations experiencing an era of radical change.”

The theme of the summit, “Usher in a New Age for Global Development, to promote high-quality BRICS partnership,” sounds like a straightforward idea of ​​the latest Chinese narrative, which includes the twin propositions of the Global Development Initiative (GDI) and the Global Security Initiative. (GSI).

Leadership and diplomats sitting in the country’s capital are expected to decide the agenda and decision as the summit takes place online in Beijing’s diplomatic circles.

There may also be a lack of diplomatic chatter as member states are aware of factional differences in global issues.

At a meeting of foreign ministers in May, discord between members in Ukraine, for example, was subtly highlighted in a joint declaration.

In the war paragraph, countries are limited to “reclaiming their national positions on the situation” and asserting dialogue between Russia and Ukraine and concern for the humanitarian situation in Ukraine.

Observing the global situation, one cannot expect more than “true multilateralism” – and diplomatic rhetoric about the Chinese version – how to work together to deal with the “turbulent” world.

China’s agenda for the summit has been made clear by its two top diplomats during the meeting.

One, China clearly wants to expand its first shake-up group since 2010 and wants to secure its position by teaching potential members that Beijing is at the heart of genuine, global multilateralism.

“China proposes to launch the BRICS expansion process, explore the standards and procedures for expansion, and gradually formulate consensus,” Wang Yi, China’s state councilor and foreign minister, said at an online meeting of BRICS foreign ministers in May.

Last month, Beijing invited nine non-BRICS countries to attend the group’s chancellors: Saudi Arabia, Argentina, Kazakhstan, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Indonesia, Nigeria, Senegal and Thailand.

One week before the meeting, state-run Xinhua Interviewed Nigerian experts to share their views on what is likely to be heard again.

“The BRICS is not an exclusive club for some countries, but an international mechanism to engage across the board,” the experts said. Xinhua.

China may not receive support from other members.

For one, China is not expected to get the Brazilian government’s approval for the expansion at this time.

Brazil supports dialogue with other countries and is “ready to consider the criteria for making this engagement more institutional and permanent,” said Ana Maria Byrnebach, general coordinator of Interregional Mechanisms and Brazil’s chief sub-negotiator for BRICS. This is what the Brazilian media has been saying recently

This is the beginning of the conversation, he suggested, not a decision.

Prior to the main summit, Yang Jiechi, director of the Office of the Foreign Affairs Commission of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), chaired a meeting of factional security advisers.

During the meeting, Yang spoke about China’s new narrative of building GSI and how China is ripe for taking on global leadership.

Faced with various risks and challenges, Yang said, “… the GSI put forward by China has contributed to the wisdom of China in resolving the current dilemma of global security and has provided an important roadmap for building a world of permanent peace and universal security.”

HT veteran Chinese handwriter Paternobis writes a weekly column from Beijing, exclusively for HT premium readers. He was previously deployed in Colombo, Sri Lanka, where he covered the final stages of the Civil War and its aftermath and had lived in Delhi for several years before that.

The opinions expressed are personal

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