Keeping your eyes on the summer is just as important as the rest of the year, but while most people know how the sun affects and damages their skin in the summer, many summer enthusiasts don’t know (or ignore the option) that the sun can affect their eyes. For the uninitiated, UVA and UVB rays are two types of rays that you need to protect yourself from, and health experts suggest that UVA rays are much wider and deeper than UVB rays.
These rays can affect your central vision and damage the macula that is part of your retina in the back of your eye and UVB rays are known for their role in sunburn and skin redness but they can also damage you. It has been shown to cause more visual damage than eyes and UVA rays. Therefore, it is important to protect your eyes from UVB rays to avoid corneal damage because exposure to harmful radiation can cause various eye problems such as macular degeneration, cataracts, eyelid cancer, eyelid cancer or corneal sunburn. [snow blindness]Depends on the frequency and intensity of your exposure, as well as the methods you use to protect your eyes.
Since our vision is one of our key senses, it is important to learn proper summer eye care and protect our eyes while we are out in the sun. Dr Vidya Nair Chaudhary, senior consultant in ophthalmology and refractive surgery at Akash Healthcare in Dwarka, Delhi, advised HT Lifestyle, “You should still wash your hands and follow the same eye care guidelines before performing contact lenses. Wear appropriate glasses when participating in certain sports and activities. Even if it’s cloudy outside, it is essential to wear sunglasses with UVA and UVB protection.
He said, “Even if your contact lenses have built-in UV protection, sunglasses are still recommended because they protect the surrounding eye area and act as a barrier between your eyes and the heat of summer, preventing dry eyes. Dehydration often occurs during the summer months, which affects your body’s ability to produce tears. This can lead to dry eyes, so it is crucial to stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water. If there is dry eye, it is a good idea to maintain the moisture of the room you are in. Although it is impossible to avoid all allergies, especially those that are out, you can limit your exposure and protect your eyes from allergic reactions by taking precautions. Practicing wearing sunglasses and washing your face as soon as you are outside can help.
Dr Danish Iqbal, senior consultant at Sharp Site Eye Hospital, recommended a plan to keep our eyes happy as we prepare to leave this summer, and to use these sun protection tips to prevent damage to our vision:
1. Wearing Sunglasses – Classy summer shades are a convenient accessory for many, but don’t just go for style when investing in sunglasses. Instead, opt for a larger style with a little wrap around to avoid the rays penetrating your eyes from the side. If you need help protecting your eyes from the sun, ask your ophthalmologist for recommendations or look at your shades.
2. Avoid Maximum Time – If possible, avoid sun exposure between 10 AM and 4 PM to protect your eyes from the most aggressive ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
3. Stay hydrated – In summer, it is easy to become dehydrated, which can affect your eyes. Serious dehydration makes it difficult for the body to produce tears, leading to ‘dry eyes’ and other vision related problems. So drink plenty of water every day, apart from all the other health benefits, it provides the fluid needed for normal eye function.
4. Use Sunscreen – High exposure to the sun is one of the major risk factors for developing skin cancer. Skin cancer can occur anywhere on your body, including your eyelids and the skin around your eyes. Look for a sunscreen that has at least 15 Sun Protection Factor (SPF) on your face and reapply it every two hours.
5. Wear a wide-brimmed hat – The wide-brimmed hat offers extra protection from the sun. This is helpful if you are spending time outside where shade is not available.
Explaining these sun protection tips for your eyes, Dr. Neeraj Sanduja, MBBS, MS – Ophthalmologist, Ophthalmologist, Ophthalmologist, highlighted:
1. Carefully Choose Your Sunglasses – When buying sunglasses, don’t just go for a look. Instead, look for a pair that says “100% UV protection” or “UV400” to make sure you’re getting the right kind of protection. Likewise, choose a great style with a few rounds to keep the rays from penetrating your eyes.
2. Wearing a hat and sunglasses – Wear a wide-brimmed hat to protect your eyes with sunglasses with adequate UV protection. The hat protects you from roughly half the UV rays you are exposed to. This shield protects you from the rays that can penetrate on or around your sunglasses.
3. Avoid Maximum Time – Most people enjoy soaking up the sun’s rays during the day, which is the time of day when the sun is most damaging. If you can protect your eyes from the most harmful UV rays, avoid sunlight between 10am and 4pm. If you need to go out in the middle of the day, always wear protective clothing.
4. Don’t look directly at the sun – Looking directly into the sun, even with protective glasses, can cause significant damage to your vision. Retinopathy, a type of retinal damage caused by solar radiation, is the most common type of damage caused by direct sunlight.
To avoid excessive exposure to very bright light, keep an eye on factors such as cloud cover, height, reflection and time of day.