Explained: Why do people give up their Indian citizenship, and where do they go?

In response to a question without a star in Lok Sabha on Tuesday (July 19), the Home Office said more than 1.6 thousand Indians They gave up their Indian citizenship in 2021. The numbers registered a sharp increase compared to 85,256 people who gave up their Indian citizenship in the 2020 Covid-hit year, and a somewhat lower increase than the 1.44 lakh who surrendered their passports in 2019.

According to government data, the largest number of Indians who gave up Indian citizenship in 2021 went to the United States (78,284), followed by Australia (23,533), Canada (21.597) and the United Kingdom (14,637).

The number of Indians who gave up their citizenship in 2021 saw a sharp increase compared to 2020 and 2019.

Smaller numbers of those who gave up their Indian citizenship chose Italy (5986), New Zealand (2643), Singapore (2516), Germany (2381), the Netherlands (2187), Sweden (1841), and Spain (1595).

India does not allow dual citizenship, and acquiring citizenship of another country automatically revokes Indian citizenship.

Why do people give up citizenship?

The causes vary greatly from country to country, and between social, economic, and ethnic groups. Generally, people are leaving their countries all over the world in search of better jobs and living conditions, and some are forced to move out due to climate change or unfavorable political situations at home.

As the number of the Indian diaspora increases across the world, with new generations holding passports from other countries, some of the older Indians are choosing to leave to live with their settled families abroad. In some high-profile cases – such as that of jeweler Mihul Choksi – people leaving India may flee the law or fear legal action for alleged crimes.

A 2020 report from the Global Wealth Migration Review shows that high net worth individuals worldwide who renounce citizenship at birth may do so for reasons related to high crime rates or a lack of work opportunities at home. “It can also be a sign that bad things are going on because they () are often the first to leave – and they have the means to leave unlike middle-class citizens,” the report said.

Among the other reasons people make the decision to migrate to other countries and eventually obtain citizenship listed in the Global Wealth Migration Review are: safety of women and children, lifestyle factors such as climate and pollution, financial concerns including taxes, improved health care for families and opportunities education for children and escape from repressive governments.

Dr Atano Mohapatra, Professor at the Center for Diaspora Studies at Central Gujarat University, said that Indian Express The global diaspora movements in India need to be analyzed from a pre-independence and post-independence perspective.

“The diaspora community has gone after independence (outside India) in search of jobs and higher education,” said Dr. Mohapatra. He said those leaving for jobs could be unskilled, semi-skilled or skilled workers.

By contrast, “the pre-independence diaspora movement was very different, as we saw forced and contracted labor,” he said, referring to forced labor from the Indian subcontinent, particularly during the nineteenth century, when large numbers of individuals were forced and deceived into labor Forced, slavery and shipment by the colonial government to places like Mauritius, La Reunion, Straits Settlements, Fiji, Natal, South Africa, British Guiana, Trinidad, Suriname, Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Jamaica, Belize, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, Grenada, etc.

Why do people choose certain countries when they leave India?

Although the Global Wealth Migration Review focuses on global data, some of the factors included in it may also apply to Indians specifically. In general, countries where Indians have been immigrating for a long time or where people have family or friends will be more automatic choices, as may considerations such as easier paperwork and more welcoming social and ethnic environments.

The report highlighted Australia’s global popularity as a country with high inflows. The report said the factors specific to Australia that made it a popular destination included a points-based immigration system that favors the wealthy and high-income earners such as doctors, lawyers, engineers and accountants.

The report said Australia was probably the better choice, in part because English is the spoken language, as well as its health care system, which unlike the United States has not been complicated or costly for older, high-net-worth individuals.

The report placed Singapore as the emerging “top wealth management hub” in Asia, indicating its potential to attract larger numbers of such individuals.

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