Are you physically fit to donate the blood? Know from experts | Health

Celebrated by all member states of the World Health Organization, World Blood Donors Day is marked on June 14, highlighting the critical contribution of voluntary and unpaid blood donors to national health systems to raise global awareness of the need for safe blood and blood products for transfusion. And to support national blood transfusion services, blood donor organizations and other NGOs in strengthening and expanding their voluntary donor programs by strengthening national and local campaigns. Blood donation is a noble act that saves many lives and any healthy person can donate blood – men can donate safely every three months and women between the ages of 18-65 can donate every four months.

Blood Donation Requirements or Standards:

Blood donation is one of the most important types of donation because it helps save someone’s life but few people know that blood donation has psychological and physical benefits for donors. However, any person who wishes to donate blood must be in good health, mentally alert and physically fit, and only the blood is collected from Dr Himanshu Lamba Donor (450ml), Head of Transfusion Medicine at HCMCT Manipal. In an interview with HT Lifestyle, the hospital in Dwarka, Delhi listed some basic requirements for blood donors:

1. Minimum age for donation is 18 years and the maximum age for donating is 65 years

2. The donor weight should be at least 55 kg

3. People should remember that blood donation should be 90 days in men and 120 days in women.

4. The donor’s pulse must be between 60- 100 bpm before donating and his hemoglobin> or = 12.5g / dL

5. The donor cannot be a night worker without adequate sleep.

6. Donor should not fast before donating blood.

7. Before donating, the donor should not drink alcohol or show signs of intoxication.

8. The donor shall be free from any disease transmitted by blood transfusion.

9. The donor must be free from acute respiratory illness.

According to Dr Ravindra Gupta of the Department of Internal Medicine at CK Birla Hospital in Gurugram, blood donation is a simple and risk-free way to save people’s lives. He revealed, “The average human body has 4-6 liters of blood, depending on factors such as sex and body structure. Excessive blood loss can lead to death and thus people lose their lives. People need to understand the importance of blood donation. Blood donation can save at least 3 lives. Healthy people can donate blood.

He highlighted some criteria for becoming a blood donor:

1. The donor must be 18 -65 years old

2. He / she should not be underweight and should weigh at least 45 kg

3. A person should not donate blood if he or she does not meet the minimum hemoglobin level. Threshold hemoglobin level is not less than 12.0 g / dl for women and 13.0 g / dl for men.

Blood Donation Method:

Dr. Veena Shenoy, professor of transfusion medicine at Amrita Hospital, Kochi, shared the steps taken to donate blood when hemoglobin is tested before donating. It should be no more than 12.5 g / dL. The donor’s weight should not be less than 45 kg. Blood pressure, pulse, temperature should be within normal limits. The donor should sleep well and not fast the previous night. If you have any infection (respiratory, gastritis, skin infections, etc.), stop donating blood until it is resolved. Donors who take medication for any illness should inform the blood center’s doctors about it.

He said, “If the donor is taking certain medications, they can ask the donor / patient to avoid a blood donation. Those who control diabetes with oral medication or diet can donate blood. People with insulin should not donate blood. People with heart disease, epilepsy, cancer, and bleeding problems should not donate blood. After donating, avoid driving for an hour. Drink plenty of fluids. Avoid strenuous exercise or weight lifting for 24 hours after donation.

Who should temporarily postpone the blood donation?

Dr Himanshu Lamba warned:

1. It is true that any healthy person can donate blood but there is a case for recommending a temporary postponement of the donation. A person suffering from malaria should postpone for 3 months and wait 12 months if they have recovered from typhoid.

2. Any patient with tuberculosis-like disease should postpone for 2 years after confirmation of the cure. In the case of diabetes, a person is not eligible for a blood donation if he is taking oral medications.

3. If someone has had a major surgery they should be 12 months and 6 months after a minor surgery

4. In women, blood donation should be postponed during menstruation and during pregnancy. If a woman has recently given birth, she should be postponed for 12 months after childbirth. If a woman has had an abortion it should be postponed for 6 months. In the case of breastfeeding, she should remain for the entire period of breastfeeding.

5. People with tattoos, acupuncture or body piercing should postpone for 12 months

Who should be permanently deferred by blood donation?

According to Dr. Himanshu Lamba, people who need to stop blood donation permanently include diabetic patients with insulin and heart surgery, cancer surgery, myocardial infarction (heart attack), hypertension, heart disease, coronary artery disease, and any person with cramps. And epilepsy, schizophrenia, HIV, hepatitis B&C, syphilis, chronic kidney disease, autoimmune disorders.

On this World Blood Donors Day, let us all pledge to become regular blood donors and embark on life-saving efforts.

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