The Haryana Water Resources Authority and the State Irrigation Department have identified 104 of the 217 villages of Gurugram as underwater and termed them as “excessive exploitation”, officials said on Wednesday, adding 1,948 villages in the state’s 7,287 villages. Has severe groundwater pressure, while 1,093 is under moderate groundwater pressure.
Officials classify villages with groundwater at depths of 30 meters or less as high pressure villages and groundwater at depths of 20-30 meters as moderate pressure villages.
Officials say the situation in Pataudi Block is so bad that 67 villages have been identified as overused – followed by Gurugram Block, which has 24 such villages. The situation in Farrukhnagar and Sohna is relatively good because they contain only seven and six over-exploited villages (respectively). However, 50 villages of Farrukhnagar and Pataudi have been identified with moderate pressure, and their groundwater levels can fall between 20 meters to 30 meters below 30 meters, government figures show, adding that these blocks may be worrisome. The next few years.
The high water level is the main reason for the decline in the water levels of the building and for drinking purposes. According to data shared by the Department of Hydrology, the city has seen a one-meter drop in the groundwater table every year since 2018, leading to renewed focus on conserving water and conserving groundwater.
Experts say that from 1980 to 1995 (when the Gurugram Water Supply Channel, which carried water from the Yamuna River to the city), Gurugram relied solely on groundwater for drinking and construction activities. He said the overflow of ponds and the destruction of ponds significantly reduced the capacity of the Gurugram’s groundwater.
Dr Shiva Singh Rawat, Superintending Engineer of the Haryana Irrigation and Water Resources Department, said that in collaboration with the Haryana Water Resources Authority, now a major agency for water management and conservation, they are working to identify water-stressed villages. Governments can therefore take remedial measures such as reducing ground and surface water use in irrigation and maximizing the use of treated wastewater. “We have identified 1,948 vulnerable groups in 7,287 villages across the state and need immediate relief. Of these, 104 are in Gurugram. Efforts should also be made to improve the situation in moderate-pressure villages, ”he said.
Rawat said water security projects have been submitted to the state’s project management unit of the Haryana Irrigation and Water Resources Department for 162 villages in the district to improve groundwater levels in Gurugram villages. “Once these projects are approved, we will start implementing them in these villages.
According to the water security project, various departments will introduce and support micro irrigation for irrigation in these 162 villages, carry out pond regeneration for rainwater harvesting and build injection wells and recharge wells to increase water levels.
Rawat said the projects would be carried out under the Atal Bhujal scheme, Mera Pani Mari Virasat project and micro irrigation and command area development. “Already, various agencies like Panchayat Raj Department, Irrigation Department and related agencies are working on these projects, but these are now being monitored in a centralized way,” he said.
He said that the Haryana Water Resources Authority was pushing for a statewide construction and agriculture use of processed wastewater, micro irrigation methods and low water usage crops. “We have directed the concerned authorities to ensure that only treated waste water is used for construction activities and agriculture. The state government is looking at promoting micro irrigation so that water is best used for agriculture, said Keshni Anand Arora, chairman of the Haryana Water Resources Authority.
In order to push the use of treated wastewater into agriculture, the Irrigation Department is building a channel to transport processed waste water from the city to Jazar for agriculture and related activities. “Maximizing the use of treated wastewater and conserving rainwater will ensure less surface water from the Yamuna and Borewells. It will revitalize the Yamuna River, from which water will be diverted to irrigation and drinking through canals,” Rawat said.